Symbiotic Human-Machine Perception, Computing, and Interaction
Dr. Andreas Bulling (Max Planck Institute for Informatics and Saarland University)
The ubiquitous computing revolution has vastly increased the capabilities of machines to sense, model, and thereby better understand non-verbal human behaviour in daily-life settings. Advances in extending this understanding to users' cognitive, social, and affective behaviour point the way towards a new generation of human-machine systems that may finally turn the vision of human-machine symbiosis into a reality. Originally proposed in the 1960s by American psychologist and computer scientist J.C.R. Licklider, human-machine symbiosis describes a future in which humans and machines are closely coupled and in which their individual capabilities but also limitations complement each other, thereby resulting in more efficient, natural, as well as enjoyable interactions.
Starting from the original vision of human-machine symbiosis, its more recent interpretations, as well as the transformative changes in behaviour sensing introduced by ubiquitous computing, in this talk I will discuss some recent advances in symbiotic human-machine perception, computing, and interaction. More specifically, I will discuss the potential but also challenges of symbiotic human-machine vision, of modelling everyday non-verbal (in particular visual) user behaviour, as well as of using non-verbal input to facilitate natural human-machine interactions. Examples will be drawn, in part, from our work on gaze estimation, visual behaviour and attention modelling, as well as gaze-enabled interfaces.
European Landscape of Mobile Communications - From the present to 5G
Atsushi TAKESHITA (President & CEO, DOCOMO Communications Laboratories Europe)
First, the keynote addresses the current situation of mobile communication in Europe. In consumer’s view, for instance, LTE coverage differs by country and SIM-lock smartphones seems popular. In European Commission’s view, for instance, realization of “digital single market” is a key issue. In industry view, non-standard wireless technologies are used for IoT purpose.
Then, the keynote shift its focus to the future, R&D toward 5G. There are many activities for 5G, e.g. research projects, industrial fora and standardization. The overview of the activities and the relation of the activities are shown. Industrial R&D activities for 5G, including European Commission’s view and each player’s view, are depicted.